Birth control pills use hormones (estrogen and progestin) to stop or regulate ovulation and inhibit pregnancy. The biological process in which the female reproductive organ releases an egg, thus making it suitable for fertilization is known as ovulation. The hormones can enter into the female's body through different methods, together with injections, vaginal rings, pills, transdermal gels, skin patches, and implantable rods. Apart from preventing ovulation, these pills can solidify cervical mucus, thus aiding in preventing entry of sperm into the egg (fertilization); and or causes thinning of the lining of the uterus.

How to use Birth Control pills?

Birth Control Pills can be of Two Types:

  • Progestin-only Pills: A lady takes one pill every day, preferably at the same time every day. These pills may hinder with sperm function or ovulation. POPs coagulate cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to swim into the lady's womb or to go into the fallopian tube. This may result in spontaneous or breakthrough bleeding. POP does not appear to be linked to an enhanced risk of blood clots.
  • Combined Oral Birth Control Pills: These pills contain different combinations of the synthetic progestin and estrogen. These are indicated to obstruct ovulation. This pill also should be taken daily and at the same time every day just like progestin-only pill. Use of combined oral contraceptive pills is not suggested for ladies who smoke or have tobacco and are above 35 years of age. It is also not suitable for any lady who has a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, and breast, endometrial or liver cancer.
  • Emergency Contraceptive Pills: these are consumed either as a single dose or two doses at an interval of 12 hours. These pills are desirable for use in unguarded sexual intercourse. The pills can inhibit or postpone ovulation for a minimum of 5 days to allow the sperm to become immobile if used prior to ovulation. These pills should be consumed when possible after semen contact and should not be used as a standard contraceptive means. Pregnancy can happen if the pills are consumed after ovulation or if there is succeeding semen contact in the identical cycle.

Not all birth control methods are suitable for all conditions. The most correct method of contraception depends on a lady's age, complete health, and occurrence of physical activity, family history of various disorders and the need to have children in the future. Birth control pills; often called as "the pill" has been flaunted for their consistency and worth. Ladies require to take their pills correctly and consistently to avoid pregnancy.

How to use Birth Control Pills?

You may start consuming your birth control pills at any time during your menstrual cycle. When you begin a combination pill (estrogen + progestin) within 5 days after the start of your menstrual cycle, you are sheltered from pregnancy without delay. Moreover, you will require a backup plan for contraception, if you start taking the pill at any other time of the month. Thus you can plan using a condom or a sponge or diaphragm if you plan for sexual intercourse during that first week.

How to keep a Schedule?

If you want maximum benefits (efficacy) of birth control pill, you must take the pills at the same time every day. In this way, your body will get a regular hormonal boost. Moreover, it may help you memorize to take the pill on time, particularly if you do so together with a morning habit for example, brushing your teeth. If you miss taking this pill in a day, it raises the chances of you getting pregnant. If you are taking a combined oral contraceptive pill, you should also use a backup contraception control method for the remaining menstrual cycle if you skip to take a pill.

An Accurate way to remember while taking birth control pills: Set your alarm on your watch or phone when it's time to take the pill.